At a press conference last week at CES,Â Toyota,Â led by Gill Pratt of DARPA fame and now CEO of Toyota Research Institute (TRI), informed the world what Toyota intended to do with it’s billion dollar investment in their new AI research facilities in Silicon Valley and Cambridge:
âUp to now, our industry has measured on-road reliability of autonomous vehicles, in the millions of miles, which is impressive. But to achieve full autonomy we actually need reliability that is a million times better.Â We need trillion-mile reliability.Â Toyota has traditionally been a hardware company because in the past the most important technology for enhancing human mobility was hardware. Times have changed, and software and data are now essential components of Toyotaâs future mobility strategy.â
âIt is entirely possible that robots will become for todayâs Toyota what the car industry was when Toyota made looms.Â Home robots may be even more personally prized in our future than cars have been in our past.Â Toyotaâs goal is to move people across the room, across town, and across the country.â
“Our initial technical team directing research will includeÂ James Kuffner, CMU professor and former head of Google Robotics, who will be our area lead in cloud computing… [and also six others].”
The portion of Pratt’s announcement that James Kuffner had left Google and was joining Toyota – and Pratt – was newsworthy in the robotics world. It showcased the changes in leadership stemming from the abrupt earlier departure from Google of Andy Rubin, the original leader who left after a buying spree that brought 8Â robotic startups into Google. James Kuffner became the acting CEO of the Replicant robotics group which recently located within the Google X Lab. Conor Dougherty, in a NY Times article, wrote:
Googleâs robotics division has been plagued by low morale and a lack of leadership since the unitâs founder left abruptly in 2014. Now Alphabet is cleaning it up.Â Over the last two months, Alphabet, the new holding company that separatedÂ GoogleÂ from its collection of speculative projects, has reframed the robots effort, moving it from a stand-alone division inside Google to a piece of the X research division. The company has also hired Hans Peter Brondmo, a technology industry veteran who last worked at Nokia, to help with management.
X, which is run by Astro Teller, is using some element of robotics in numerous projects like self-driving cars; Project Wing, an effort to deliver packages withÂ drone aircraft; and Makani, an effort to captureÂ wind energy with high-flying kites.
Brondmo joins Jonathan Rosenberg, who is a troubleshooter for Larry Page, the Google co-founder who is Alphabetâs chief executive, and Aaron Edsinger, previously the CEO of both Meka and Redwood Robotics, in the day-to-day management of the robotics group.
The Rubin Google acquisitions include: Schaft, a Japanese start-up developing a humanoid robot; Industrial Perception, a Silicon Valley start-up that developed a computer vision system for loading and unloading trucks; Meka Robotics, a robot developer for academia; Redwood Robotics, a start-up intended to compete with the Baxter robot (and others) entering the small and medium-sized shop and factory marketplace; Bot & Dolly, a maker of robotic camera systems used for special effects such as in the movie “Gravity;” Autofuss, a design and marketing firm and a partner in Bot & Dolly; Holomni, a maker of powered caster modules for omnidirectional vehicles and Boston Dynamics, an engineering company specializing in building robots and software for human simulation.